Every capital budgeting is important because it has long-term implications. The investor or the business that is investing the capital might have several goals in considering the investment. One common goal would be the maximization of the wealth. For this, the investor would only seek projects and investments that yield some great returns. Some might look for short-term profits while some might seek stability.
There are various factors that might determine the capital budgeting decisions being taken:
If the business is already having some goals to meet in the financial plans these would be first fulfilled. In fact, any capital that is available after meeting all the immediate and essential demands of the business would be considered surplus.
- Availability of capital
The time of availability of the capital as well as the actual size of capital available would be considered. The planning begins well ahead. If an investor or a business expects a surplus of funds in the near future all the available options are analyzed. Based on these notes, once the funds are available the decision-making process would be simpler.
- Trends and technological reforms
Businesses that wish to survive the competition in the market should stay up to date with the changes in the technology and business processes. If the capital budgeting decision involves evaluating the worth of an investment on a piece of equipment or a tool then the product being purchased should be understood. Would the equipment be bought or upgraded be useful in the long run? Would there be additional costs involved in the operation? Many such factors are taken into account. And it should also be ensured that the piece of equipment being bought is the latest technology so that it would not become obsolete after a huge sum is being invested in it.
- Is there room for innovation?
Some businesses thrive on innovation. But some businesses need just stability more than innovation. But one that wishes to outlive the competition should definitely make future ready plans. And capital budgeting is very important for that. The structure of the business determines whether there is room for innovation and whether this is part of the business plan. This would help determine whether the investment in a new equipment or a new project would really be important in the path towards the business objectives.
There are many more such factors that influence the capital budgeting decisions being taken. That is why the same scenario might be viewed from different perspectives by different investors.